Microplastic pollution, which impacts ecosystems, wildlife, and human health, is a result of plastic not dissolving but rather disintegrating into increasingly smaller pieces. Plastic particles smaller than 5 mm are called microplastic. Microplastic is produced for commercial use and intentionally added to cosmetics and other products. Or it can result from the breakdown of larger plastic items, as well as from abrasion of car tires and fibres from washing synthetic textiles.

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